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18. Microclimates


Weather and Climate: a Teachers’ Guide

Pathway: Extending Weather

Hot DesertsAnticyclones – Depressions – Microclimates

Lesson overview: In this lesson we investigate the factors which can help create a microclimate and introduce fieldwork opportunities within the school grounds.

A microclimate exists when the climate in a small area is sufficiently different to the climate in the larger area around it as to be distinct.  Some microclimates are very localised, whereas others are found across relatively large areas, such as forests, coasts and upland areas.  Human modification of the Earth’s surface can have unintended consequences on microclimates, but also offers tools to mitigate the effects of climate change and for active management to deliver improved food production, landscape resilience and ecosystem services. Microclimate fieldwork is easily accessible to all.

Learning objectives:

  • To understand that climate can vary over short distances.

  • To be able to define what a microclimate is.

  • To be able to explain how six major factors can contribute to the microclimate of an area.

Key Teaching Resources

About Microclimates PowerPoint
Microclimates Worksheet
Microclimates Homework
Microclimates – easier mindmap

Fieldwork Resources

Microclimates Fieldwork
Microclimates Fieldwork – example data sheet
Microclimates Fieldwork – data collection sheet
Microclimates Fieldwork – checklist
Microclimates Fieldwork – Graph analysis worksheet
Microclimates Fieldwork – Marking sheet

Teacher CPD/ Extended Reading

Microclimates – More for Teachers

Alternative or Extension Resources

Fieldwork in Geography

Weather and Climate: a Teachers’ Guide

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