- The United Kingdom spans latitudes of 50 to 62°C N. It has a maritime climate with four distinct seasons.
- Average annual temperature varies between 4.5 °C in winter to 14 °C in summer with warmer conditions in the South.
- Rainfall is highest in autumn and winter; average of approximately 110 mm per month, and 75 mm per month in spring and summer.
- Mean annual rainfall varies between 2500mm in mountainous areas such as Wales to 500mm in the drier region of East Anglia.
- Year to year variations in climate are linked to the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) which causes shifts in the average track of storms.
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