Key Stage 4

Resources for 14-16 year old Students

Air Masses

Air masses and fronts - introductory text

Air Masses - an introduction to the major air masses affecting the UK

Case studies of UK air masses (November 2010, November 2011 and the end of September 2010) with answers for teachers and a case study of arctic maritime air (Jan/ Feb 2015) can be found on our case studies page.

Air Masses - worksheet and the Met Office's air mass video .

AWS data to study air masses and depressions (adapted from LGfL)

Past Climate Change

Resources to teach the climate of the last 2.6 million years.


A case study of orographic rainfall in Scotland with images for students Image 1, Image 2, Image 3, Image 4, Image 5.

Weather Systems and Synoptic Charts

Mid-latitude weather systems

An introduction to weather systems

Anticyclones, depressions and fronts

Understanding weather charts - excercises

Weather systems plenary, revision or homework exercise - an investigation into why the forecast showed the temperature rising at night.

What is the weather? Work out what the weather is like at several UK locations based on some simplified weather maps.

Isotherm and Isobar drawing exercise based on a depression: student worksheet. A simpler version of the T/ isotherm map can be found here or the full version including solutions may be found on the A level page.

Weather Maps

Isotherm map excercise

Synoptic chart excercise

Shipping forecast

Tropical Weather

Using GIS to study hurricane tracks and tropical storm risk (developed by Bob Lang, teacher and GA consultant)

 Some useful links about Super typhoon Haiyan/ Yolanda


Other Weather


Urban Heat Island Fieldwork and a simple and effective lesson plan which uses WOW data to identify Urban Heat Islands. The supporting PowerPoint presentations can be found here.

Weather Project Ideas





UK climate

Planetary radiation budget images for the Earth, Venus, Mars with a dust storm and Mars without a dust storm. These images have been produced by scientists at Oxford University and the Open University. They are derived from numerical data for Mars and Venus and may have some systematic errors that we have yet to quantify. They should be trustworthy to order 10% or so with some confidence, and at least convey the broad impression of how different the energy budgets of the different planets actually are.

Climate Change

Watching the Earth - artificial satellites

Catalyst article on Cloud Seeding

Science or weather clubs .

Investigate How big is a raindrop collect data and analyse mode, mean and median, range, interquartile range and standard deviation etc. - with thanks to Stephen Lyon at the National STEM centre. Background information in an article in Weather: A low-cost experiment for determining raindrop size distribution.

A Met Office resource using maths/ stats skills to evaluate the weather of holiday destinations: Information For Teachers, Instructions For Students, Student Spreadsheet v1, Student Spreadsheet v2 and Teacher Spreadsheet

A maths/ geography resource from the Met Office for analysing weather data.

Another resource from the Met Office looking at the correlations between behaviour and the weather: instructions and worksheet.

Met Office Design and Technology resources to build your own weather station (for the Resistant Materials GCSE topic): Anemometer Project - Student version, Rain Gauge Project - Student version, Thermometer Project - Student version and Thermometer Project - Teacher Example

Other recommended resources:

A wide range of animations from the Met Office suitable for geography and science topics.

Resources looking at change of state, latent heat, data handling and the Electromagnetic Spectrum from the NCAS/ DIAMET project.

An excellent GA resource investigating weather conditions needed for the various Olympic sporting events using weather station or WOW data.

Have a look at the Barometer – a regular podcast featuring weather and climate issues from the University of Manchester.

Further useful links.


AS/ A level Resources

Key Stage 3 Resources